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Study: Broccoli extract lowers blood sugar for type 2 diabetes patients

Here’s another reason to eat your greens.

>> Read more trending news 

A powder containing a chemical found in broccoli sprouts is capable of lowering blood sugar levels of persons with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published Wednesday by Science Transitional Medicine.

The powder contains a highly concentrated dose of sulforaphane, according to study co-author Anders Rosengren of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.

“We’re very excited about the effects we’ve seen and are eager to bring the extract to patients,” Rosengren told New Scientist. “We saw a reduction of glucose of about 10 percent, which is sufficient to reduce complications in the eyes, kidneys and blood.”

Rosengren and his colleagues conducted a 12-week experiment, with 97 people with type 2 diabetes taking either the sulforaphane powder or a placebo, The Scientist reported. Most of the participants continued to take metformin, a drug used to lower blood sugar levels in diabetics.

Rosengren’s team discovered that the broccoli extract was able to reduce the participants’ blood glucose level by 10 percent compared to those who took the placebo, The Scientist reported.

“More research is needed to see if this repurposed drug can be used to treat type 2 diabetes, as it was only tested in a small number of people and only helped a subset of those who are taking it,” said Elizabeth Robertson, director of research at Diabetes UK. She told New Scientist that “for now, we recommend that people continue with the treatment prescribed by their healthcare team.”

Watch: Teen dances in hospital bed 6 days after heart transplant

When Amari Hall went through his fifth heart surgery in 15 years in March, his family prayed that it would finally be his last. 

The Maryland teenager, who was born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, underwent a transplant to replace his own failing heart. In the months since the surgery, he has become a viral sensation, thanks to video his aunt, Charawn Hunter, shot of him dancing in celebration of his new chance at life. 

Amari’s impromptu dancing came just six days after his transplant, his family told CNN

“We put the music on, and he started dancing,” Hunter said

Nurses caring for Amari joined in on the video, which Hunter posted to her Facebook page last month for friends inspired by the “awesome Amari.”

“We would like the world to see how awesome he is,” Hunter wrote. “He loves LeBron, but I know he’s busy, but please help me (in) making his video go viral.”

Go viral it did, with the video seen more than six million times as of this week. 

Hunter continued to post videos of Amari’s progress, including one on May 22, when he was released from the University of Maryland’s Children’s Hospital in Baltimore. 

“Amari’s breaking out of the hospital,” Hunter wrote on Facebook

The video shows members of Amari’s medical team telling him goodbye. There were plenty of hugs, tears, laughter -- and dancing. 

“Thank you, everybody. Y’all have been very nice to me. I love you, all of y’all,” Amari said. “I’m gonna miss all of y’all.”

“We love you, too,” a woman said off-camera. 

‘All his life, he has been a fighter’

Amari first showed signs of his congenital heart defect two days after his birth. A profile of Amari by Save the Heartbeat, a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the lives of those born with heart defects, indicated that a doctor noticed his unusual breathing as he was being discharged. 

Doctors at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia found that the newborn had hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), a condition in which the left side of a person’s heart is underdeveloped. 

>> Read more trending stories

According to Save the Heartbeat, a healthy heart works like this: The right side of the heart pumps oxygen-depleted blood from the heart to the lungs, which fill it with oxygen. The left side of the heart then pumps the oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body, which uses that oxygen to survive. 

A newborn’s heart has two small openings that allow blood to move between the two sides of the heart during gestation, but those holes close within days of birth. 

In a baby with HLHS, blood can bypass the underdeveloped left side of the heart through those openings. When they close, the heart can no longer properly send oxygenated blood to the rest of the body, and the child begins showing symptoms of the defect, which include strained breathing, trouble feeding and an ashy or dusky appearance. 

Amari had the first of his heart surgeries to save his life at 5 days old, Save the Heartbeat’s profile said. He had multiple additional surgeries before his second birthday.

“He missed a lot of his childhood milestones,” his mother, Juaquinna Hall, told CNN

Through multiple hospitalizations, missed school and being away from home and his peers, Amari has remained positive, she said. 

“All his life, he has been a fighter,” Hall said. 

Hall recounted the doctor’s visit in December, in which she and her son learned that his troubled heart was failing. 

“He looked at me, and he said, ‘What are you afraid of? It’s my time. I need to have this done,’” Hall told CNN

It took three months for doctors to find a compatible heart for Amari, who remained positive even as he was being wheeled into the operating room, his mother said. 

“He made the nurses pray for him,” Hall said. 

Hunter, who calls Amari her hero for all he has bravely endured, said Wednesday that he is recovering well and adjusting to his new heart. 

“He is doing well and still dancing,” Hunter said. 

Recall: Incorrectly packaged birth control could result in unplanned pregnancy

A nationwide recall has been issued for a contraceptive pill that could lead to unintended pregnancy. 

>> Read more trending news 

According to the FDA, Lupin Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced a recall of Mibelas 24 Fe tablets due to packaging errors that resulted in tablets being out of order and missing expiration information.

The lot number is L600518 with an expiration of May 2018. 

>> Related: Newborn baby photographed with mother's IUD in hand

According to the FDA, the pills were placed in the wrong sequence. Non-hormonal placebo tablets were placed in the packaging’s denoted first four days, where active tablets should be.

“As a result of this packaging error, oral contraceptive tablets that are taken out of sequence may place the user at risk for contraceptive failure and unintended pregnancy,” the FDA said. “The reversing the order may not be apparent to either new users or previous users of the product, increasing the likelihood of taking the tablets out of order.”

The product was distributed nationwide to wholesalers, clinics and retail pharmacies.

The manufacturer has contacted distributors and customers. 

Any one who has purchased the product should notify their physician and return the product to the pharmacy or place of purchase.

See more at FDA.gov.

What parents need to know about 'dry' and 'secondary' drowning

On average, 10 people will die in the United States today as a result of drowning. 

 

The image most of us have of a drowning is one of a person flailing in deep water then going under and not coming back up. However, something many people may not know is that not all drownings happen while the person is in the water.

 

 

 

>> Got a question about the news? See our explainers here

 

To that end, water safety and medical experts are encouraging parents to think of drowning as a process and not an end result of being under water for too long. The prospect of a child drowning after leaving the pool or beach is one not many parents have considered. 

 

Here’s a quick look at two ways – dry drowning and secondary drowning – a person can drown hours after leaving the water.

 

What is "dry drowning?"

 

Dry drowning happens when water irritates the larynx (vocal chords), and the person has a severe inflammatory reaction to it. The reaction causes the vocal chords to spasm (laryngospasm reflex) and that causes them to close. The person then has trouble or cannot pass air into their lungs. Laryngospasm can cause something called neurogenic pulmonary edema which causes an increase in pressure in the lungs and heart, reducing the body's ability to get oxygen. Laryngospasm can be triggered by something as simple as droplets if water hitting the larynx. High-speed submersion, such as when you go down a water slide or jump from a high dive, can also cause the reaction.

 

How is it different from “secondary drowning?”

 

Secondary drowning happens when water gets into the lungs. It is usually a small amount of water, but it fills the air sacs of the lungs, causing pulmonary edema – or fluid in the lungs. With water in the air sacs, there is no room for air, so the person begins to drown. Secondary, or delayed drowning as it is sometimes called, can happen hours after inhaling the water.

 

What are the symptoms?

 

The symptoms of dry drowning and secondary drowning are similar and can be seen from between one hour to 24 hours after the incident. Usually sooner rather than later with dry drowning.

 

The symptoms include:

 
     
  • Coughing
  •  
 
     
  • Gasping
  •  
 
     
  • Chest pain
  •  
 
     
  • Trouble breathing
  •  
 
     
  • Feeling extremely tired
  •  
 
     
  • Lips or skin turning blue
  •  
 
     
  • Changes in behavior
  •  
 
     
  • A high-pitched breathing sound called stridor
  •  
 
     
  • Foam around the mouth – Anyone pulled from the water who is coughing or sputtering and has foam around their mouth needs emergency care immediately.
  •  
 

If a person who has been in water shows any of these symptoms, call 911 or get them to a hospital emergency room as soon as possible.

 

How is it treated?

 

It depends. Treatment can range from observation for a few hours,  to administering oxygen, to chest x-rays or more advanced medical support – intubation or use of a ventilator – in the most severe cases. (that is rare).

 

How do I prevent it?

 

Here are a few tips:

 
     
  • Obviously, watch your children when they are in and around water, any water. It takes only moments to take in enough water to cause drowning.
  •  
 
     
  • Make sure kids know how to swim and watch to make sure weak swimmers don’t go out beyond their abilities.
  •  
 
     
  • Don’t let kids get too tired in the water.
  •  
 
     
  • Encourage them to keep their mouths closed when going under water or when their faces are near the water.
  •  
 
     
  • Remember the symptoms. If you see any in your child, take him to the hospital.
  •  
 

How often does this happen?

 

Dry drownings and secondary drownings are rare. They account for between 1 and 2 percent of all drownings in the United States.

 

Sources: WebMD; healthychildren.org; livescience.com; clevelandclinic.org

9 healthy-sounding foods that have more sugar than a Krispy Kreme doughnut

American Heart Association experts recommend men shouldn’t eat more than 36 grams of added sugar a day and women should limit their sugar consumption to 25 grams.

>> Read more trending stories  

So a single Krispy Kreme doughnut, which has 10 grams of sugar, takes up a good bulk of your recommended daily intake.

>> Shaquille O'Neal buys Krispy Kreme store

But healthy-sounding snack replacements like yogurt and raisins actually rack up more sugar than you might think. And several options even have more than double the sugar of a Krispy Kreme original glazed doughnut.

>> Related: National Doughnut Day 2017 deals and freebies 

Here are 11 foods and drinks with more sugar than a Krispy Kreme doughnut:

To learn more about added sugars and your recommended intake, visit heart.org.

Is it better to wash your hands in cold or hot water? 

Do you always wash your hands in hot water? A new study suggests you can turn the heat down a notch because cleaning your hands in cold water is just as good. 

>> Read more trending news

Professors from Rutgers University-New Brunswick conducted an experiment to learn the most effective way to clean your hands. While many people assume warmer temperatures get rid of more germs, the researchers’ results proved that it’s a myth. 

Analysts gathered 20 volunteers, asking them to wash their hands, which were covered in bugs, 20 times each in 59-, 79- and 100-degree Fahrenheit water with varying amounts of soap.

»Related: How well are you cleaning the 10 filthiest places in your kitchen? 

They determined that there was no difference in the number of insects removed in each of the water temperatures or amounts of soap. 

»Related: Photos: The 10 germiest items in your home 

"People need to feel comfortable when they are washing their hands but as far as effectiveness [goes], this study shows us that the temperature of the water used did not matter," researcher Donald Schaffner said.

Although the scientists noted their study was small and more research was needed, they recommend people wash their hands for at least 20 seconds, using an adequate amount of soap to cover the entire surface. 

U.S. Alzheimer’s disease deaths up 55 percent, CDC says

An estimated 5.4 million Americans are affected by Alzheimer’s disease, making it the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S.

» RELATED: Alzheimer’s disease fueled by gut bacteria, new study finds 

According to a recent report from the Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the death rate from the disease has risen by 55 percent in recent decades.

Experts collected data from death certificates and found that 93,541 Americans who died in 2014 had Alzheimer’s disease cited as the cause of death. That’s a rate of 25.4 deaths per 100,000 people.

>> Read more trending news

It’s a 54.5 percent increase since 1999, when the rate of Alzheimer’s disease deaths was 16.5 deaths per 100,000 people, according to the CDC.

» RELATED: How does Alzheimer's disease kill you? 

By 2050, experts estimate the number will jump to 13.8 million afflicted U.S. adults ages 65 and up.

The increase is due to multiple factors, including the growing population of older adults and increased reporting and diagnosis by physicians and medical examiners among others, according to the report.

While most U.S. Alzheimer’s disease deaths occurred in a nursing home or a long-term care facility, that number has dramatically declined since 1999, from 14.7 percent to 6.6 percent in 2014.

» RELATED: Living with Alzheimer’s disease and the fight to combat it 

Instead, more and more patients died at home instead of in medical facilities.About a quarter of Alzheimer’s patients in 2014 spent their last days at home compared to just 13.9 percent in 1999.

“Millions of Americans and their family members are profoundly affected by Alzheimer's disease,” CDC acting director Anne Schuchat said in a statement. “As the number of older Americans with Alzheimer's disease rises, more family members are taking on the emotionally and physically challenging role of caregiver than ever before.”

» RELATED: How to help Alzheimer’s patients enjoy life, not just ‘fade away’ 

In addition, patients, caregivers and publicly funded long-term care facilities bear significant financial and societal costs due to increasing rates of Alzheimer’s deaths.

Experts recommend more federal funding toward caregiver support and education and toward research to find a cure.

According to the CDC report, the U.S. is estimated to spend a total $259 billion in 2017 on care costs for those with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

» RELATED: Don’t go it alone when caring for a spouse with dementia 

And those caring for Alzheimer’s or dementia patients provided 18.2 billion hours of unpaid assistance in 2015.

“This is a tidal wave of Alzheimer's disease that is now upon us. We've been saying Baby Boomers are getting older and we have to be ready. Now it's here. It's here, and it's not going away unless we do something serious about it. Ultimately, we want to eradicate this disease. That is possible,” Keith Fargo, director of scientific programs at the Alzheimer’s Association, told CBS News.

Click here to read the full CDC Morbidity and Mortality report.

Experts advise single healthiest way to sleep better

If you’re having trouble getting proper shut-eye at night, you’re certainly not alone.

In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one-third of all American adults don’t get enough sleep.

>> Read more trending news

And while many poor sleepers and those clinically diagnosed with insomnia disorder rely on effective (and oftentimes, expensive) sleeping pills, experts warn against the potential downsides of the drugs.

“Sleeping pills are extremely hazardous,” Arizona State University sleep researcher Shawn Youngstedt  told CNN Tuesday. “They are as bad as smoking a pack of cigarettes a day. Not to mention they cause infections, falling and dementia in the elderly, and they lose their effectiveness after a few weeks.”

But there’s good news for insomniacs -- more and more research shows simply exercising can reduce insomnia.

One study conducted by Rush University clinical psychologist Kelly Glazer Baron found older women suffering from insomnia saw significant results after exercising, including improved sleep, more energy and less depression, CNN reported.

Exercise is also beneficial for those suffering sleep apnea, a condition that causes people to temporarily stop breathing while they sleep, as well as those suffering with restless-leg syndrome, which causes the legs or other parts of the body to itch, burn or move involuntary, according to CNN.

Sleep deprivation is a serious issue and insufficient sleep has been linked to several chronic conditions and cardiovascular diseases in the past.

A recent study found sleep deprivation may even cause the brain to eat itself.

So if you’re having trouble getting sleep at night, put those pills away and try getting the CDC-recommended two and a half hours of exercise per week.

9-year-old taken to hospital after mistaking 'Unicorn Milk' vape juice for candy

A 9-year-old girl in Canada required hospital treatment after she mistook e-cigarette liquid for candy.

Lea L'Hoir told the CBC that on Monday, her daughter found the bottle of "Unicorn Milk" on the playground at school. Because of the fanciful labeling and the strawberry scent, her daughter and friends ingested a few drops of what is actually e-cigarette liquid. The students began to feel ill and took the bottle to a teacher.

>> Read more trending news

L'Hoir picked up her daughter from school and took her to the hospital after reading about the dangers of ingesting concentrated nicotine liquid. L'Hoir's daughter was diagnosed with nicotine poisoning and received treatment before being released that evening, the CBC reported.

While her daughter is recovering, L'Hoir wants to warn other parents about the dangers of vape liquid. She said the bottle did not clearly identify what was in it, with the ingredients written in small print and a tiny poison symbol on the side of the bottle.

Study: Dads’ brains respond differently to daughters than sons

Fathers with toddler daughters are more attentive and responsive to their needs than fathers with toddler sons, according to a study published in an American Psychological Association journal.

>> Read more trending news 

Behavorial Neuroscience journal. Fathers of young boys engaged in more rough-and-tumble play and used more achievement-related language, while fathers of daughters used more analytical language, the study revealed.

"If the child cries out or asks for Dad, fathers of daughters responded to that more than did fathers of sons," said lead researcher Jennifer Mascaro of Emory University. "We should be aware of how unconscious notions of gender can play into the way we treat even very young children."

The research took a look at whether the different ways fathers treat sons or daughters may be influenced by different brain responses to male or female children. Emory University and University of Arizona researchers took their study out of the laboratory and used a sample with real-life situations, the APA said.

The study used data from 52 fathers of young children (30 girls, 22 boys) in the Atlanta area who agreed to clip a small handheld computer onto their belts and wear it for one weekday and one weekend day. The device randomly turned on for 50 seconds every nine minutes to record any sound during the 48-hour period. 

The fathers also were told to leave the device charging in their child's room at night so any nighttime interactions with their children could be recorded, said Mascaro, an assistant professor in family and preventative medicine at the Emory School of Medicine.

In daily interactions, fathers of daughters used more language referencing the child's body (e.g., words such as belly, foot and tummy) relative to fathers of sons. Previous research has shown that pre-adolescent girls are more likely than boys to report body dissatisfaction and lower self-esteem relating to body image.

The study focused on fathers because there is less research about fathers' roles in raising young children than mothers, Mascaro said.

If fathers are more attentive to daughters and open about expressing emotions, that may help girls develop more empathy than boys. Fathers of sons could take the same approach, Mascaro said.

"The fact that fathers may actually be less attentive to the emotional needs of boys, perhaps despite their best intentions, is important to recognize," she said.

Previous research has shown that rough-and-tumble play by parents can help young children better regulate their emotions. Fathers of daughters may want to engage in more rough-and-tumble play with girls, even though such play is more often associated with boys, Mascaro said.

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