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Posted: May 07, 2018

Lyme disease cases on the rise: What is it and how to avoid it

10 Things to Know About Lyme Disease

By Shelby Lin Erdman, Cox Media Group National Content Desk

Lyme disease is a debilitating illness that is spread through tick bites. Ticks catch bacteria from mice and rodents and transmit the disease to humans.

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More than 300,000 infections occur every year mostly in the spring and summer, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the number of cases is on the rise.

The numbers doubled between 2001 and 2016, the CDC reported

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tickborne infection in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The number of cases of Lyme disease have more than doubled between 2001 and 2016, the CDC reported.

People living in the Northeast, the mid-Atlantic states and the upper Midwest are at the greatest risk for catching Lyme disease from ticks, but it’s also been found along the West Coast.

The illness can cause flu-like symptoms, and if left untreated, can cause severe long-term medical problems, but, if it’s caught early, it’s easily treatable with antibiotics.

There’s a greater risk for catching Lyme disease when camping, hiking, working or playing in wooded and grassy areas.

But there are some easy ways of reducing tick bites. Be aware of your environment during outdoor activities and avoid walking through tall bushes and overgrown vegetation. Use an insect repellent on skin or clothing containing 20 percent or more of DEET. Perform daily tick checks if you’re vacationing or live in a high-risk area. Check your pets for ticks.

>> Related: Here’s how to prevent tick bites on people, pets

If you find a tick on your body, remove it quickly with a pair of tweezers. If the tick has been on you for less than 24 hours, your chances of contracting Lyme disease are small, but watch for any signs of the illness, like rash or fever.

If you experience any symptoms of the disease, see your doctor immediately.

Getty Images/Getty Images
A close-up of an adult female, an adult male, nymph and larva tick is shown next to a paper clip. Ticks cause an acute inflammatory disease characterized by skin changes, joint inflammation, and flu-like symptoms called Lyme disease. 


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